Zelný trh is one of the oldest well-preserved squares in Brno. It was mentioned for the first time under the name
Horní trh at the beginning of the 13 th century. The current name dates back to the 15 th century.
It has always been a busy place, living with everyday trade.
The local cellars were built under the individual houses from medieval ages up to modern period – most of them were
built in the Baroque period. They served mainly for food storage, beer and wine aging in casks as well as a hiding
place in war periods. But first of all, they served as background for market men in Zelný trh, the market being in
operation for more than 700 years.
Originally, the cellars were not interconnected. We did not know about many of them for centuries, they were discovered
as late as during recent research of Brno underground. So as it is possible for the municipality to make the unique
architectonic monument accessible, it was necessary to perform static fixation and to arrange protection against
destruction in this way.
In 2009, there was performed a complex construction adjustment of the cellars, allowing their modern use. The cellars
were connected into one unit at that time. In this way there was created a unique system of historical vaults and
corridors called Labyrinth under the Zelný Market / Labyrint pod Zelným trhem.
Labyrinth under the Zelný Market consists of two independent units. The part designed for social and cultural events
can be found in the lower part of the square, in the direction of the Reduta Theatre. In the tourist part, Brno history
comes back to life thanks to guides dressed in period costumes. The route goes below the square up to Malý Špalíček and
it is 6–8 metres under the street surface.
In the tourist part of the labyrinth, the visitors may get an idea of the use of cellars at their building times. They
will get to know how food was kept there at the time, when cellars replaced refrigerators: beer and wine casks are
placed on oak grates, together with food in different vessels and sacks. The visitors will also get information on
development of various lighting systems used underground – from the first torches through chips of wood up to tallow
candles and kerosene lamps. The exposition is completed with daily-use objects found in the course of archaeological
research of Zelný trh.
The sightseeing includes even an alchemistic laboratory commemorating popular doctors, pharmacists and physicists,
working in Brno and making the town popular all over Europe. The local wine making tradition is documented by an old
wine cellar and a historical pub. The dark sides of life in old times are documented by a replica of the town pillory
and the cage of lunatics, which used to be placed in the market place in the 17th century. And finally,
visiting the jail we will get to know what was the destiny of unfair craftsmen, buyers and traders.
Labyrint pod Zelným trhem
Zelný trh 21
Brno 602 00
tel.: +420 542 212 892
fax: +420 542 427 155
Open Tuesday - Sunday 9- 18.